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India’s nominee Dalveer Bhandari re-elected to ICJ for second time
India’s nominee Dalveer Bhandari re-elected for the term of 2018-2027. India nominee received 183 out of 193 votes in UNGA and secured all 15 votes of UNSC.
Objective: The main function of ICJ is, it settles legal disputes between member countries. It also provides advisory opinion to U.N general assembly (UNGA)
****Voting process****:
  1. Five out of 15 judges of ICJ elected for every 3 years to ensure continuity
  2. Winning candidate requires majority in U.N General Assembly (UNGA) and U.N Security Council (UNSC).
  3. Entire voting process done through secret ballot method
****Present Context****:
  1. This year there were six candidates competed for 5 vacant positions
  2. Four candidates elected smoothly, India’s nominee Dalveer Bhandari and U.K’s nominee Christopher Greenwood ended up in dead lock
  3. In multiple rounds of voting India won in UNGA and UK won in UNSC
  4. U.K wanted to end the voting process and move to conference method. This is open ballot method. UK failed to get support for this move and withdraws it’s nominee from ICJ race
****First things happened this time****:
  1. This is for the first time that U.K is not have representation in ICJ
  2. This is the first time that permanent member of UNSC lost to ordinary member.
  3. This is also for the first time that one sitting member (U.K) of ICJ lost to another sitting member (India)
****About Justice Dalveer Bhandari****:
  1. As a judge in ICJ he involved in several globally significant cases such as: Nuclear disarmament, territorial and maritime resources, climate change related disputes, Global terrorism and financial regulation
  2. Mr. Bhandari is Padma bhushan recipient and elevated as S.C judge on 28th Oct 2005.
  3. As S.C judge he left mark on right to food campaign and it lead to release of more food grains to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families
  4. His another order helped children’s of less privileged sections of society to gain access to basic infrastructure in primary and secondary schools.
****Significance of this win in India’s point of view****:
  1. This win reflected respect for constitutional integrity of Indian polity and independence of the judiciary in India
  2. It is important for India to be represented in ICJ especially when important cases are underway like case involving navy official Kulbhushan Jadhav against Pakistan
****India’s win effect on U.K****:
  1. British government facing severe criticism from ruling and opposition parties over Britain loss to India and failure of Britain to secure seat in ICJ after seven decades.
  2. On the same day of this loss, another announcement made that Paris will host European Banking Authority (EBA) and Amsterdam will host European Medicines Agency (EMA) following Britain’s exit from European Union. Previously these two organizations were based in U.K
  3. Losing out EBA, EMA along with representation in ICJ indicating Britain’s loss of influence on the global stage
****ICJ (international Court of Justice)****
International Court of Justice also known as World court, it is primary judicial branch of UNO
ICJ headquarter based on: Peace palace in the Hague (Netherlands)
Established: 1945
Member countries: 193
Judge tenure: 9 years
Number of judges: 15
Election: 1/3 members elected for every 5 years
Current president: Ronny Abraham (France)
Jurisdictions of ICJ:
  1. Jurisdiction in contentious issues
  2. Incidental jurisdiction
  3. Advisory opinions

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