November 11 has been celebrated as the National Education Day since 2008. The date has been chosen to commemorate the birth anniversary of independent India's first education minister – MaulanaAbulKalam Azad. MaulanaAbulKalam Azad was born AbulKalamGhulamMuhiyuddin on November 11, 1888.
The freedom fighter and visionary were responsible not only for streamlining the education system in the country but also foreseeing the start of the first ever Indian Institute of Technology, IIT in India in 1951.
The setting up of the University Grants Commission in 1953 are all credited to his vision. He was also the primary propagator of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and Faculty of Technology of Delhi University and a founder of JamiaMiliaIslamia University.
He founded most of the major cultural and literary academies we have today including the SangeetNatak Academy, Lalit Kala Academy, Sahitya Academy as well as the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and School of Planning and Architecture.
His famous books: India Wins Freedom, Ghubar-e-Khatir, Tazkirah and Tarjumanul Quran.
Bharat Ratna: Awarded with the highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1992.
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