The Implementation of Mission Kakatiya, one of the flagship programmes of the State Government showing positive results.
Objective: Crop yield optimisation in Telangana State.
The programme, which is aimed at rejuvenating villages tanks over a five year Period was intended to restore some 46,531 village tanks.
Base year: 2013
Assessment year: 2016
Impact assessment done by: Impact Assessment Study taken up on the implementation of Mission Kakatiya Phase-I by Nabard Consultancy Services ABCONS).
Nabard is one of the organisations that came forward to fund the Mission Kakatiya phase-I and phase-II. The government entrusted the task of impact assessment to NABCONS, a sister concern of NABARD.
Surveyed areas: They selected 400 tanks of different sizes taken up in phase-I from Adilabad, Karimnagar, Medak and Nalgonda.
Following are findings of NABCONS assessment study:
51.5% increase in the gross area irrigated, the gross irrigated area under minor irrigation sources expected to go up from 10.53 lakh acre in the base year to over 15.5 lakh acre at the end of 5 years.
Crop intensity went up by 45.6 percent over the base year due to improved water retention capacity in the tanks, post-restoration works, following which water is available for the second crop also.
In the base year, the irrigation intensity was 88.4 percent and it increased to 134 percent with the implementation of Mission Kakatiya.
With more availability of water in the tanks, the area under paddy cultivation had substantially increased from 49.2 percent in the base year to 62.1 percent in the assessment year 2016-17.
Use of silt from tanks:
Application of the tank silt in farms resulted in significant reduction in expenditure on fertilizers.
The Impact Assessment Survey shows a decrease in consumption of chemical fertilizers by 35-50 percent which helped in cutting expenditure on fertilizers by 27.6 percent over the base year.
The savings on expenditure per acre ranged from Rs 1,500 to Rs 3,000 per season depending on the crop.
Further, the tank silt application contributed to increases in crop yields, reduction of soil erosion and increase soil moisture retention.
The shift in cropping pattern from cotton to paddy:
Cropping pattern changes were also found.the area under the water-intensive paddy crop increased by 11.1 percent during the 2016 Kharif season, while the figure for Yasangi in 2016-17 was 23.7 percent.
At the same time, the area under cotton came down by 9.7 percent — from 36.2 percent in 2013-14 to 26.3 percent in 2016-17.
Farmers preferred to grow paddy instead of cotton as sufficient water was available in the tanks.
Paddy yield also went up by 4.4 percent, while in the case of cotton, it was 11.6
Another major finding of the survey was that household agriculture income witnessed a 78.5 percent increase in the tank ayacut area.
The jump was attributed to the increase in irrigated area and improved yield. The income is assessed based on cropping pattern, area and yield multiplied by MSP announced by the government.
A substantial rise in groundwater table 9.02 metres.
After farmers, fishermen were the major beneficiaries of Mission Kakatiya. Storage of water storage in tanks for longer period helped in the increase in the weight of fish.
On an average, there was an increase of 36 percent-39 percent yield in fish.
Other organisations doing impact assessment:
Institute of Rural Management-Anand (IRMA)
Prof Jayashankar Telangana State Agriculture University is planning
University of Michigan
University of Chicago
ICRISAT submitted a report on the impact of silt application for crops under the irrigation tanks.
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