History and Culture of India:Contents:
- Pre-Historic Cultures in India- Indus Valley Civilization- Vedic Culture- Mahajanapadas- Emergence of New Religions-Jainism, Buddhism- Rise of the Magadha and Age of the Mauryas- Ashoka Dharma- Foreign Invasions on India- The Kushans- The Satavahanas, the Sangam Age in South India- the Sungasthe Guptas- the Kanauj and their Contributions- Historical Accounts of Foreign travelers- Early Educational Institutions.
- The Pallavas, the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Kalyani Chalukyas and the Cholas- Socio Cultural Contributions, Language, Literature Art and Architecture- Delhi Sultanates- Advent of Islam and its Impact- Religious Movements like Bhakti and Sufi and Its Influence-Growth of Vernacular Languages, Scripts, Literature, Fine Arts- Socio Cultural Conditions of the Kakatiyas, the Vijayanagaras, the Bahmanis, the Qutubsahis and cotemporary South Indian kingdoms.
- The Mughals Administration, Socio-Religious life and Cultural developments-
Shivaji and Rise of Maratha Empire- Advent of Europeans in India- Trade
practices- Rise of East India Company its Hegemony- Changes in
Administration, Social and Cultural spheres- Role of Christian Missionaries.
- Rise of British rule in India from 1757 to 1856- Land Revenue Settlement, Permanent Settlement, Ryothvari and Mahalvari-1857 Revolt and its Impact-
Education, Press, Cultural changes- Rise of National Consciousness and
changes- Socio-Religious Reform Movements in 19th century- Rajaram Mohan
Roy, Dayananda Saraswathi, Swamy Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Sir Syed
Ahmad Khan and others. Rise of Indian Nationalism- Activities of Indian National
Congress- Vandemataram, Home Rule Movements- Self Respect Movement-
Jyothiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar Ramaswamy Naicker- Role of Mahatma
Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Vallabai Patel- Satyagraha- Quit India
Movement- Dr B.R. Ambedkar and his Contributions.
- Indian Nationalism in three phases- Freedom Struggle 1885-1905, 1905-1920
and Gandhi Phase 1920-1947- Peasant, Women, Tribal and Workers
Movements- Role of Different parties in Freedom Struggle- Local and Regional
Movements- Inter Religious Unity and Communalism- Independence and
Partition of India- India after Independence- Rehabilitation after partition-
Linguistic Re-organization of States- Integration of the Indian States- Indian
Constitution- Economic policies- Foreign Policy Initiatives.
History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh:
- Ancient: The Satavahanas, the Ikshvakus, the Salankayanas, the Pallavas
and the Vishnukundins- -Social and Economic Conditions- Religion, Language,
Literature, Art and Architecture- Jainism and Buddhism in Andhra-The Eastern
Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Renati Cholas and others- Socio-Cultural life,
Religion- Telugu Script and Language, Literature, Art and Architecture.
- Medieval: Socio- Cultural and Religious Conditions in Andhradesa 1000 to 1565
A.D.- Growth of Telugu Language and Literature (Kavitraya- Asthadiggajas)-
Fine Arts, Art& Architecture during the reign of Kakatiyas, Reddis, Gajapatis and
Vijayanagaras and their feudatories- Monuments-Significance, Contribution of
Qutubshahis to Andhra History and Culture-Regional Literature- Praja Kavi -
Vemana and others.
- Modern: European Trade Establishments in Andhra- Andhra Under the
Company Rule- Role of Christian Missionaries- Socio-Cultural, Literary
Awakening- C.P. Brown, Thamos Munro, Mackenzie-Zamindary, Polegary
System- Native States and Little Kings- Role of Social Reformers- Gurajada
Apparao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Raghupati Venkataratnam Naidu, Gidugu
Ramamurthy, Annie Besant and others- Library Movement in Andhra Pradesh-
Role of News Paper- Folk and Tribal Culture, Oral Traditions, Subaltern Culture.
- Nationalist Movement: Role of Andhra leaders- Justice Party, Non-Brahmin
Movement- Nationalist and Revolutionary Literature- Gurram Jashva, Boyi
Bheemanna, Sri sri, Garimella Satyanarayana, Rayaprolu Subbarao, Unnava
Lakshminarayana, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Choudhary and others- Andhra
Mahasabhas, Andhra Movement- prominent leaders- Alluri Sitaramraju,
Duggirala Gopalakrishnaiah, Potti Sreeramulu,Konda Venkatappayya,Pattabhi
Seetaramaiah, Ponaka Kanakamma, Dokka Sitamma- Grandhalaya Movement-
Ayyanka Venkataratnam, Gadicherla Harisarvothamarao, Kasinathuni
Nageswara Rao- Formation of Andhra State,1953- Emergence of Andhra
Pradesh,1956- Andhra Pradesh 1956 to2014- Causes for Bifurcation, 2nd June
- Andhra Pradesh: Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its impact on
Administrative, Economic, Social, Political, Cultural and Legal Implications-
Building of New Capital and its financial Implications- Division of Employees
and their Native Issues- Effect of Bifurcation on Trade& Commerce, Industry –
Implication of Financial Resources of State Government- Developmental
Opportunities- Socio-Economic, Cultural and Demographic impact of
Bifurcation- Impact on River water sharing and other link issues- A.P.
Reorganization Act.2014- the Arbitrariness of certain provisions.
Geography: India and Andhra Pradesh
- Physical Features and Resources: India and Andhra Pradesh, Major land
forms, Climatic changes, Soil types, Rivers, Water, Streams, Geology, Rocks,
Mineral Resources, Metals, Clays, Construction Materials, Reservoirs, Dams –
Forests, Mountains, Hills, Flora and fauna, Plateau Forests, Hill Forests,
- Economic Geography : Agriculture, Live stocks, Forestry, Fishery, Quarrying,
Mining, House hold Manufacturing, Industries – Agro, Mineral, Forest, Fuel
and man power, Trade and Commerce, Communication, Road Transport,
Storage and others..
- Social Geography: Population Movements and Distribution, Human Habitations, Density, Age, Sex, Rural, Urban, Race, Caste, Tribe, Religion, Linguistic, Urban Migration, Education Characteristics.
- Fauna and Floral Geography: Wild Animals, Animals, Birds, Reptiles, Mammals, Trees and Plants and others.
- Environmental Geography: Sustainable Development, Globalization,
Temperature, Humidity, Cloudiness, Winds, Special Weather Phenomena,
Natural Hazards – Earth Quakes, Land Slides, Floods, Cyclones, Cloud Burst,
Disaster Management, Impact Assessment, Environmental Pollution, Pollution
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